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Classification of cargo

All cargo transported by air is divided into several categories. Miscellaneous transportation, packing, handling, storage, customs, safety requirements are applying to different cargo types.

Cargo is divided into such types:

1) Perishables - cargoes that have physical and chemical properties stable not more than 24 hours during transportation. For example, any perishable goods, medical products with limited serviceable life, some sorts of seeds.

2) Live animals - in aviation terminology this term ancompasses various kinds of wild and domestic mammals, fishes, amphibians and insects.

3) Valuable cargo is a cargo declared price of which is higher than 1000 USD equivalent per 1 kg of actual weight. For example, highly-accurate equipment, works of art, precious metals, banknotes, securities etc.

4) Dangerous and special goods - this term encompasses lots of goods produced by various industries. There is a system of classification and identification of dangerous goods according to ICAO and IATA documents. It could be paintwork, alkali, poisons, dry ice, any kinds of ammunition and it's parts etc.

5) General cargo is any other cargo that does not belong to any of the above categories.
 

Even if the cargo has been classified as one belonging to any of the above categories it may fall under conditions of another type. In this case both type's requirements must be met. For example, radioactive isotope used in medical industry is both dangerous and valuable cargo.
To be sure in correct classification you need to get and an opinion of a specialist in the field of air transportation, and an opinion of a specialist in the field of dangerous good transportation in case of transportation of dangerous and special goods.